Regardless of the fact that new advances in science and medicine help manage infectious disease, others continue to emerge more rapidly than expected. Not only has the incidence in humans has increased, but it also threatens to increase as well. New and even unrecognized diseases are spreading to new geographic areas. The outcome is that disorders caused by bacteria and viruses pose major issues to the health and welfare of both humans and animals. From a historical point of view, these disorders are responsible for the vast majority of casualties in military service members. Diseases such as malaria or diarrhea are transmitted from person to person, but these are not the only ones. It is estimated that about thousands of infections exist all around the world. In order to deal with the threats posed by emerging infectious diseases, it is necessary to pursue the high-consequence of pathogens that are responsible for affections and to verify the presence of these pathogens by using diagnostic methods in health care settings.
To put it more simply, managing epidemics can be realized by focusing on detection, identification and verification. The first step, detection, implies ongoing surveillance and analysis. Infection surveillance basically means gathering and generating data on infection incidence and prevalence within the population. The fact is that early detection has a major impact on preventing infections and at the same time controlling potential outbreaks. Due to advances originating from an infectious disease case report and technical advances people have managed to get insight into illness pathogenesis, host immunity, transmission patterns and of course drug resistance. Thanks to these advances, the discovery and design of new vaccines, treatments and other interventions was made simpler. For instance, a lot of medication has been developed to manage the public health concern is represented by sexually transmitted diseases. The outcome is that HIV-related morbidity and mortality have been significantly reduced. Therefore, the need for making a sexual health case report is paramount. The advances in medicine are not possible in the absence of some basic research. The dramatic implication of science base in infection started in the 1960s when researches were carried out in the field of DNA technology. The results were both extraordinary and they opened the pathway to even greater accomplishments. Now more than ever, there are scientific opportunities to have an impact on the lives of people throughout the world. A need for reexamining research portfolios and striving for increased transparency.
Since the world is expecting tangible results, there is no other option. Unfortunately, scientists all over the world are constrained by budget restrictions, but this should not restrict the individual creativity of research investigators. By publishing case studies in online journals, each and every one can make his contribution to clinical research. Infectious diseases still have a substantial impact on the health of communities and the world. Emerging methods are basically critical for future efforts and studies will be necessary in the future for defining the role of pathogens and disease causality. Exciting opportunities do exist and they offer expanding research agendas.